Culturs Magazine visited Peru as part of our five-year print anniversary “Live in Full Color World Tour: 5 continents over 5 months.”
The Republic of Peru in western South America is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in
the east by Brazil, Bolivia to the southeast and Chile to the south. It’s lined by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west.
The country has many microclimates that underscore the diversity of potoatoes, which count varieties into the thousands. Peru’s habitats include sand-like deserts in Huacachina, arid plains, the Pacific coastal region, punctuated by surf culture on the shore of Lima along with paragliding amongst the towering downtown buildings.
The west boasts the Andes Mountains which extend from the north to the southeast of the country where one can find the tropical Amazon basin rainforest in the east along with the Amazon River.
Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing back to the 10th millennium BCE. Pre-colonial cultures and civilizations include the Caral-Supe civilization (the earliest civilization in the Americas and considered one of the cradles of civilization) the Nazca culture, the Wari and Tiwanaku empires, the Kingdom of Cusco and the Inca Empire, the largest known state in the pre-Columbian Americas.
Population: 34 million
Capital City: Lima
Largest City: 1.28 million km2
Country Size: 19th largest country in the world, third largest in South America